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Survey on Nature-based solutions

ThinkNature Forum in Paris


The EU Research and Innovation policy agenda on Nature-Based Solutions and Re-Naturing Cities aims to position the EU as leader in ‘Innovating with nature’ for more sustainable and resilient societies.

This EU R&I agenda is principally implemented through the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, Horizon 2020, which invested about 200 mio. EUR into projects related to NBS in the period 2016-2020, including:

  • demonstration projects in cities for water and climate resilience (2016 call), for urban regeneration (2017 call) and for carbon mitigation and air quality (2020 call)
  • demonstration projects at the territorial scale for reducing the Hydrometeorological Risk Reduction (2017 call)
  • Research and Innovation projects for developing business, governance models and Environmental Impact Assessment (2016 call) as well as for developing the Insurance Value of Nature
  • International RIA project with China (2018) and CELAC countries (2019) on urban ecosystem restoration and rehabilitation through NBS.

This EU R&I agenda is aiming to enhance the awareness of NBS and engagement of end-users, stir the supply and demand towards the market and develop an EU-wide knowledge base on nature-based solutions.  NBS Roadmap, composed of 5 targets, help to clarify the overarching targets of the Agenda:

  1. Enhance the framework conditions for nature-based solutions at EU policy level.
  2. Develop a European Research and Innovation Community for nature-based solutions.
  3. Provide the evidence and knowledge base for nature-based solutions.
  4. Advance the development, uptake and upscale of innovative nature-based solutions.
  5. Mainstream nature-based solutions within the international R&I agenda.

Continuous activities like the clustering activities between H2020 projects, as well as a Project to Policy report to be published this year, are underway to understand the effect these investments have in demonstrating NBS on the ground, developing indicators on impacts, testing new business and governance models and building up a community of practice.


This Survey seeks to take stock of the NBS stakeholder’s opinion on what the EU R&I on Nature Based Solutions is already under way to achieve, and what further R&I is needed. This will also help to better shape EU R&I.

There are 19 questions in this survey.